Folding Carton Print & Paper Terminology

Acetate Window
The clear film covering a die cut opening.

Air cell
A space created by forming a substrate into a shape to provide protection in a Package.

A secondary layer of material joined over an existing substrate that creates a multi-level finish.

To set up and finish into a fully completed format.

A process used in papermaking to whiten paper. Also a reference as to the whiteness of the paper.

Blind Emboss
The raised area of the sheet created using an engraving tool and a die press.

A generic term referring to the substrate.

Triggers at the ends of the ring metal that assist the opening of the ring.

Paper coated one side.

Paper coated two sides.

The thickness of material measured in the thousandth of an inch called points. Capacity Pocket, A pocket formed with a double score along each side to create a spine th$t gives the pocket a greater thickness and capacity than a flat pocket.

Cast Coated
Paper with a high-gloss costing that can rival the gloss of a photograph.

Recessed area of a package used to house an item: CD, VHS, promotional item, etc.

A paperboard substrate, normally recycled and used primarily in consumer packaging.

Combo Form
The print form that combines more than one item for print and finishing.

The party that is receiving goods.

A score or impression in a substrate that facilitates folding and bending.

An area on a sheet that has a depression created using an engraving tool and die press.

Deckle Edge
Feathered edge of a specialty paper.

Die Cut
The process of cutting the material into its finished shape using a steel rule cutting die and a die press.

The registration of an embossed area to a printed area.

Expanded Poly Styrene; styrene foam blocks are hot-wire-cut to create inserts used to support the structure of a dimensional package.

Expandable Pocket
Flat pocket that can become a capacity pocket using a Z-fold design technique.

Freight On Board; the payment point on a freight shipment. “F.O.B. Destination” Indicate the shipper is paying the transportation costs through to the final Destination. “F.O.B. Shipping Point” means freight costs $re not being paid by the shipper. “F.O.B.” can be followed by a zip code, which is the point to which the shipper is paying the freight.

Film Lamination
A layer of polypropylene or polyester that is applied to a printed sheet. It is available in gloss, matte, satin or a metallic finish.

The process of converting a sheet into its final form.

Material extending off the ends of various panels on a package.

Foil Stamp
The flat application and transfer of foil to a substrate using heat and pressure. This graphic technique can be used in conjunction with debossing or embossing.

Collating, inserting and loading materials into a package for bulk shipping or mailing.

The fiber direction in the sheet of paper.

Flat panel with a center score that expands to a given width. Gussets can be pushed in or out in manufacturing and should be specified $t the time of order.

A score or crease that is used to open and close a panel.

Hook and Loop
Generic term for Velcro.

Hot Melt
Extremely durable and reliable adhesive used in the construction of a package.

A technique for cutting and shaping EPS form.

Inner Packing
Materials used to position, support and protect an object inside its package.

Knocked down flat.

Paper color; natural Kraft has a characteristic light brown appearance.

The application of litho label to the corrugate sheet using a cold adhesive and pressure.

A machine that applies film lamination to paperboard.

Usually an 80S or 100S C1S stock that is printed and $pplied with adhesive to an E-flute corrugated sheet. Film lamination is required to prevent cracking on folding scores.

Locking Tabs
Tabs used in packaging for closure. They may be passive for re-opening a package, or positive for mailing or for more permanent applications.

The ability to automatically glue, die cut or finish a package.

Wooden deck-like structure for loading boxes onto, for storage or shipping.

The face or side of a package.

Solid fiberboard used for making packaging.

Plant Load
A U.S. Postal Service term; certification that allows manufacturing companies to mail packages or flat directly from their facilities into a USPS vehicle, bypassing the local post office.

Solid bleached sulfite (paperboard).

An impression or crease in a substrate that is used for folding or bending.

To insert material between two packages to prevent abrasion and scratching in shipping. Unprinted newsprint is often used.

A cut made in a substrate without removing any material.

A cut made in a substrate that does remove material.

The core material (i.e. paperboard) used in a printing, finishing or packaging process.

Super Panel
A panel or page of a package that is printed on one side, but folded onto itself, presenting graphics on both sides.

Tuck Tabs
Tabs that extend off a panel and are tucked into a mated slit; often used to close a package.

Turned Edge
Litho-label wrapped over a fiber or chipboard edge, for instance on a slipcase, to provide a more finished appearance.

An area cut out of a panel; can be covered in cello.